The Cannabinoid Wheel

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are the naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis and hemp plants.  Both plants have been vastly researched and reported as being beneficial for several medical needs, pain, sleep, gastrointestinal illnesses, mood and behavior disorders, neurological disorders and more.  The illustration and key descriptions below provide a guide to the major cannabinoids and how they may prove helpful with a variety of medical conditions.

CBD-THC Medical Use Wheel

The Cannabinoid Wheel Key:

  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic (THCA)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)


Just like THC and CBD, Cannabichromene or CBC comes from the stem of the cannabis plants cannabigerol acid (CBGA).  It is produced through heat or ultraviolet light.  Getting techie here, so we’ll move on to the benefits.  CBC does not get the user high and has shown potential in treating pain, inflammation, and acne.  Studies are being conducted on its benefits in treating cancer and depression.


Cannabidiol or CBD is harvested from both the cannabis and hemp plants.  It is known largely for anxiety and pain relief as well as muscle-relaxing properties.  As an isolate without the THC component, CBD becomes a non-psychoactive compound, producing zero to .03 percent THC.  In addition, studies have shown this cannabinoid can be beneficial for a number of health conditions, in particular, inflammation reduction, treatment for pain, combating arthritis, reducing anxiety, treating sleep disorders and more.  Research and clinical studies continue, so it looks as though there will be more information regarding practical and medicinal uses with this natural remedy in the future.


Cannabigerol or CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid much like CBD.   It is produced when the heat is applied to cannabigerol acid.  I know, getting super-technical again.  The short story is that this is proving effective as a pain reliever, anti-convulsive, as a sleep aid, an anti-inflammatory and increases appetite.  There is a wide variety of research, as well as several articles available to find out more about how this cannabinoid works with each health challenge, on the Internet and in the National Library of Medicine.


Cannabinol or CBN is a result of THC being exposed to oxygen over a period of time.  Simply, cannabis left out in the open is more likely to have higher levels of CBN.  Studies show CBN’s properties benefit those dealing with pain, insomnia, inflammation, and lack of appetite.  Additional research is being conducted with this cannabinoid as an anti-consultant and anti-bacterial component.


Cannabinoids actually begin as cannabinoid acids (CBDA) that are activated when they’re heated.  Although research is minimal, early lab studies show Cannabidiolic acid or CBDA is a potent compound that may help with inflammation, nausea and vomiting, and as an anti-cancer agent.  Ongoing studies are being conducted.


THC, the main psychoactive component of the cannabis plant, is the primary cannabinoid responsible for creating the high associated with recreational cannabis use.  A variety of studies have shown that THC may help deal with a number of medical challenges such as the side effects of chemo, lessening tremors due to spinal injuries, nausea, and vomiting, digestive health, chronic pain, and inflammation.


Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid or THCA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid.  It is the acidic form of THC.  Individuals have shared how they’ve experienced relief in symptoms due to inflammation, arthritis, lupus, muscle spasms, and pain.  In addition, an international study reports that THCA may be helpful for patients living with MS, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and Alzheimer’s disease. (1)   Ongoing studies are being conducted.


Tetrahydrocannabivarin or THCV has psychoactive effects like THC.  It may be useful in treating anxiety and panic attacks, as an appetite suppressant, and may help with diabetes.  From what I could gather in the available research and articles, there are low amounts of this compound in the general cannabis plant.  So before purchasing, read up on which plants will produce a generous amount of THCV to get the desired effect.

Murphy’s Natural Hemp Combines CBD With Curcumin

Murphy’s Natural Hemp takes the highest quality CBD cannabinoid and combines it with the holistic spice remedy Curcumin.  Curcumin, one of the main ingredients of turmeric powder, is harvested from the turmeric plant by grinding up its root.  In addition to being a spice used in cooking, Curcumin is also proving effective as an anti-inflammatory and pain reliever, as well as showing promising effects in patients with ulcers, arthritis, irritable bowel, psoriasis, lupus, and more.  Further studies are being conducted on the benefits of curcumin for reducing the progression of Alzheimer’s and improving the heart and circulatory system.

Murphy’s Natural Hemp water-soluble CBD products are sourced in the U.S., produced with the highest quality ingredients, and are continually tested to be sure they meet our standards.

Water-Based CBD

CBD tincture-bottle-600x600-1Oil-based CBD does not dissolve in water.  Oily substances are repelled by water, which forces the separation of the ingredients.  However, you’ll find the term “water-soluble” is being widely used throughout the medical cannabis industry.  What water-soluble means is that the CBD can blend into water, like sugar in your lemonade or coffee.  Water-based and oil-based products react differently when it comes to being absorbed by the body.  Your body is composed of over 60% water.  Reports show that the body uses less than 10% of the active ingredients in an oil-based product.  Compare this to our water-soluble products, which utilize 90% or more of the active ingredients.  For more information or to purchase Murphy’s Natural Hemp, go to

Should you decide to use CBD products for pain management, or for any other medical condition, always contact your doctor first to be sure there are no interactions with medications you may be taking.

Research and study information has been pulled from the US National Library of Medicine/National Institutes of Health at To search type in the cannabinoid name and health benefit.
by Colleen Morgan